Archaeologists carrying out excavations at the Ancient Greek city of Euromus dating to the 5th century BC, in the area now occupied by Turkey found a skull with marks indicating that neurosurgery existed 2,200 years ago.
The Anadolu News Agency reports that the skull was found in a burial chamber during new excavations led by Turkish archaeologist Abuzer Kizil found that brain surgery was performed on one of the skulls belonging to an adult male.
“We believe this surgery was performed due to a headache or a problem that had to do with the skull,” Kızıl said.
Euromus was an Ancient Greek city whose ruins are approximately 12 km northwest of Milas. The city was a member of the Chrysaorian League and minted its own coins from the 2nd Century BC.
Among the ruins is a temple of Zeus Lepsinos from the reign of Emperor Hadrian.